Another important music genre is that of soul/Motown music of
the 1950s–1970s as performed by James Brown, Ray Charles,
Jackie Wilson, Booker T. & The MGs, Eddie Floyd, Wilson Pickett,
Otis Redding, as well as the Motown groups/singers: The Four Tops,
Marvin Gaye, The Marvelettes, The Supremes, The Temptations, Martha
and the Vandellas, Mary Wells, Stevie Wonder, Smokey Robinson and
the Miracles, and Junior Walker and the All-Stars.
As illustrated in the documentary, Standing
in the Shadows of Motown, the backup band The Funk Brothers
played an important role in providing new forms of musical background
for the Motown groups through the use of inventive bass guitar and
Another documentary, Only
the Strong Survive, portrays a number of important soul
singers of the 50s to the 70s: Wilson Pickett, Sam Moore, Ann Peebles,
the late Isaac Hayes, Rufus and Carla Thomas, Jerry Butler, The
Chi-Lites, and Mary Wilson.
As illustrated in the shift in the focus in the content on racial
conflict in the lyrics of the Temptations and Marvin Gaye’s
music in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Motown genre eventually
began to address the racism facing African-American culture during
is Black Gospel Music Still So Popular?
For further reading:
Kempton, A., McDonald, R., & Kennedy, R. (2003).
Boogaloo. New York: Knopf.
Merlis, B., Seay, D., & James, E. (2001).
Heart & soul: A celebration of black music style in America
1930-1975. New York: Watson-Guptill.
Posner, G. (2002). Motown (e-book: download: Adobe
Reader). New York: Random House.
Zolten, J. J. (2003). Great god a'mighty -
the dixie hummingbirds: Celebrating the rise of soul gospel music.
New York: Oxford University Press.