As previously noted, you want students be able to go beyond simply identifying instances of these different techniques in films to understanding purposes for using these techniques as tools to achieve certain cinematic purposes. Formulating purposes for uses of techniques requires them to consider what techniques are most appropriate for achieving certain intended responses from audiences based on certain conventions of cinema, as well as certain semiotic meanings (see Module 4 for discussion of semiotics).
Central to defining purpose is the idea of where and how does a certain shot position or place an audience relative to the person or object. For example, if students are creating their own video and want to portray a character as alone and desolate, they may employ a long shot showing a character in the middle of a large, expansive field or area in which the surrounding field or area is highlighted as overwhelming the relatively small, insignificant person. This places the audience as a distance from the person, creating a similar sense of being isolated from that person, just as the person is isolated in the larger frame of the long shot. Or, if they want to portray a character as continually suspicious about impeding dangers, they may employ subjective shots in which the person is warily scanning the landscape out of the fear of potential threats. This places the audience in the person’s mind set, inviting the audience to empathize with the person’s concern or fear and the need to continually be on the lookout for potential threats.