Web Resources for Master Gardeners & Naturalists
Compiled by John P. Loegering,
Wildlife Ecologist, University of Minnesota
Below I have compiled several web links that may be useful. The list is not
comprehensive, but will be a good start. If you find other links that you believe
warrant inclusion, please email them to me. This page started as a resource for Master Gardeners and it is still oriented toward gardening but I will be adding topics of interest to Master Naturalists as time permits.
Several sites are commercial enterprises (i.e., .com) that had good information
at the time I viewed them. Most of these sites are honorable; however, some
may have marketing objectives that conflict with good gardening or wildlife
objectives, or may modify their pages in the future. Please alert me to any
of these when you find such conflicts. There also are several highly commercial
sites that I found or that other gardeners recommended that I chose not to include
because of their aggressive, commercial nature.
My criteria for inclusion was that they 1) have good science-based content,
2) are stable and not likely to change (no one likes a bunch of dead links),
and 3) are reasonably objective in their presentation. Most sites satisfy these
criteria; however some do not. I am assuming that the reader is astute enough
to see that a raccoon trap manufacturer is likely to strongly recommend trapping
as an animal damage solution. It might be one solution, but not THE solution.
Several sources are in Portable Document Format (.pdf) and require Acrobat
Reader for viewing.
Presentations that I have recorded for various audiences.
Attracting Birds to your Yard and Garden
Coping with Nuisance Wildlife
Damage Management Internet Café hosts the widely-used Prevention
and Control of Wildlife Damage, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. This is
the single most important site for wildlife damage with hundreds of .pdf files
with Wildlife, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.
- Barryman Institute for Wildlife
pest problem solvers, Pennsylvania State University.
Damage publications and Fact Sheets (near the bottom, free downloadable
.pdf files), Cornell
University Extension Service
Pest Control, University of Arizona Master Gardener Manual,
- Wildlife Management Information
source containing links on most species of interest (e.g., bats,
moles, opossums, hares, rabbits, and shrews). Remember to always consider
the source of the various links.
Damage Control is a private company that specializes in controlling wildlife-human
- Control of Mammals
and Birds in the Vegetable Garden, Alabama Cooperative Extension Service,
is a general, quick reference.
- The Kemper Center
for Home Gardening at the Missouri
Botanical Garden has several suggestions for Integrated Pest Management
of several pest animal species. Most of their information is good.
MG Decision Support Guide for Wildlife, North Carolina State University.
- Havahart is a trap and feeder manufacturer
that has several ‘kinder, gentler’ methods of dealing with nuisance
wildlife (deer, chipmunks, cats, rabbits, raccoons, squirrels, etc.).
- Gardens Alive! promotes “environmentally
responsible products that work”. I don’t know if they really work,
but I pass this along to anyone who might try them. Please let me know.
Woodlands and Wildlife (not really a Master Gardener topic,
but of interest to some readers)
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.
University of Minnesota Extension Service.
- Bat Conservation International, Austin
Texas -- this is a HUGE information source.
- Bat Conservation and Management is a commercial site that is definitely trying to sell you bat boxes, and detectors, etc. Generally you can make many of the houses and other products if you are handy but these folks have proven designs and the quality of at least 1 house I have seen is good. They also have several nice videos on bat research.
Both urban and rural deer present a huge challenge to gardening (or forestry,
for that matter). There are several sites out there and we post only a few here.
Remember, some of these are private sites that are not necessarily the best
science; however, they do have some effective techniques listed.
- Controlling Deer
Damage, Oklahoma State University Extension.
Deer Damage to Home Gardens and Landscape Plantings. Cornell University
Cooperative Extension Service.
Fact Sheet, Cornell University Cooperative Extension Service.
- Deer and Forests is focused on eastern forests but has a wealth of information, Extension Forestry, Penn State University, and US Forest Service Research & Development.
- Minimizing Deer
Damage to Residential Plantings from Montana State University Extension
- Deer in the Garden,
University of Rhode Island Extension.
- Stanly Park
Ecological Society has a section on Urban Wildlife issues.
- My Deer Garden has several
links of interest.
- Deer Busters sells many products
and is offered here as an example, not an endorsement. You need to do your
homework before you believe all the marketing!
Gardening and Deer, Organic
- Wireless Deer
Fences -- This one is just too odd not to pass along, Ingenious, yes,
but effective? Who knows?
- Deer Resistant Plant lists published in Garden
Gate Magazine, Deer Resistant
Landscape Nursery, and from Vermont.
A recent peer-refereed scientific wildlife study has evaluated a variety of
deer repellents and found Plantskydd and Deer Away Big Game Repellent were generally
the most effective for long-term repellent properties. For more details, see
Wagner, K. K. and Dale L. Nolte. 2001. Comparison of active ingredients and
delivery systems in deer repellents. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29:322-330.
Hummingbirds and Butterflies
local nursery or garden store could be the best source for you to find locally-adapted
hummingbird and butterfly plants that thrive in your area. Moreover, Landscaping
for Wildlife is a good reference.
Gardening by Vera Krischik is a University
of Minnesota Extension Service Publication that is fully available
on the web.
- Backyard Wildlife:
To Feed A Hummingbird, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension Service.
A good introduction to hummingbird gardening, including a plant list, which
may be somewhat applicable to Minnesota.
- Hummingbird site that includes
good information and a nice map of the northward migration (i.e., so when
do I put my feeder out?).
- Several plant lists can be found by simply using an internet search engine
such as Yahoo or Google to search for the words “attract humming bird”
(no quotes). You will get more hits than you realize and may want to refine
your search to Minnesota or the surrounding states.
and Shrews, University of Minnesota Extension Service.
Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage, University of Nebraska - Lincoln.
Moles In The Home Lawn, Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet.
Moles, Oregon State University Extension Service.
Wildlife Damage: Moles, Virginia Cooperative Extension Service.
- Integrated Pest Management
Manual, Wisconsin, has several pages on outdoor vertebrate pests including
Damage Management – Moles from Purdue University. (You will need to have
Adobe Acrobat on your computer to use this information.).
- The MoleMan is not from a university
source, but has reliable information.
Damage Control is a commercial site that both pedals its wares, as well
as provides some nice photographs of mole damage.
- Molecatchers is a commercial
outfit with good information about moles (with a bit of wry humor mixed in).
They are based in OH and don’t likely make house calls, but they do
offer helpful hints and dispel several myths.
in Prevention and Control
of Wildlife Damage. This is the single most important site for wildlife
damage with handouts available in .pdf files format.
- When the Squirrels at your bird feeder have you at wits-end and your spouse is wondering which one of you is smarter, consider that it could be worse (wildlife biologist humor; source unknown).
Various Conservation Organizations have programs and information
targeted at integrating wildlife into backyards and gardening.
Inc is a private corporation with a long history of planting prairies throughout
Minnesota. I generally try to avoid recommending commercial resources, but
these folk will lay some nice groundwork in your understanding of what is involved,
what it will cost, and what factors play into your decision on establishing
a native prairie community. Nonetheless, this is personal, not an official
Published Materials that may be quite helpful
||Henderson, C. 1987. Landscaping for Wildlife.
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Available from MN DNR. A great
resource with wonderful plant lists. Cost: ~$12.
||Henderson, C. L., C. Dindorf, and F. Rozumalski. 1998. Lakescaping
for Wildlife & Water Quality. Minnesota Bookstore. 176pp. ISBN:
0964745127 Cost: ~$20.
||Henderson, C. 1995. Wild about Birds: The DNR Bird Feeding Guide. Minnesota
Department of Natural Resources.
||Henderson, C. Woodworking for Wildlife. Minnesota
Department of Natural Resources.
Your Shore instructional CD ROM is a powerful multimedia
program for shoreland owners and professionals to use in implementing shoreland
restoration and protection projects.
|| Landscaping for Wildlife in the Pacific Northwest by
Russel Link. 1999. University of Washington Press. Cost: ~$30. Note that
the concepts are applicable but some recommended plants will not make it
and Control of Wildlife Damage by Scott E. Hygnstrom, Robert M. Timm,
and Gary E. Larson. 1994. University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension.
This is the ‘bible’ for managing a variety of wildlife-human interactions.
Cost: Books ($45), CD-ROM ($43), or both ($65).
It is out of print at this time but available for FREE at http://icwdm.org/handbook/index.asp
|Many of the Minnesota publication are available from:
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 Twin Cities metro, or nationwide toll free (800)
TTY: (651) 282-5077 or (800) 657-3706
fax. (651) 215-5733
Although sites on the internet vary substantially in quality and appropriateness
of information, we have found the following search term or strings helpful.
Use them in your favorite search engine (e.g., Google, Yahoo, etc.). Note that
we have left off suffixes to make the searches as broad as possible. Good luck.
Bird garden (or hummingbird garden)
Urban deer control
Deer resistant plants
Animal control (i.e. rabbit control)
For Extension Educators:
Web site created by John P. Loegering,
with assistance from Jessica Larson and Lisa
Loegering. University of Minnesota.
Disclaimer: This site
reflects the opinions of the author and not that of the Regents of the University
of Minnesota. Feedback is encouraged.
© 2000, Regents of the University of Minnesota
and the Department of Horticultural Science. All rights reserved.