My research has focused on improving health through population-based physical activity intervention. Specifically, one major line of my research is examining the effects of modern technology (e.g., exergaming, smartphone Apps) in interventions to promote physical activity and health among various target populatoins. My other research interests include investigation of exergaming (e.g., Xbox Kinect, Dance Dance Revoluation, Wii, and PS4) on individuals' exercise determinants, physical activity levels, health-related physical fitness, movement skills, and academic achievement, psycholsocial and behavioral correlates/determinants of physical activity behaviors, measurement of children's physical fitness and physical activity levels, and health disparities and physical activity. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have been employed in my research.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

- Population-based physical activity promotion to fight childhood obesity
- Application of modern technology (e.g., active video games, smartphone Apps) in interventions to promote physical activity and health
- Psychosocial and behavioral correlates/determinants of physical activity behavior
- Children's motor skill, physical activity, fitness and academic achievement
- Health disparities and physical activity

 

RESEARCH LABORATORY

Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory

 

Recent Publications

• Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles
Names in italics indicate co-authors are/were graduate students under my mentorship; * corresponding author
1. Gao, Z. (in press). Fight Fire with Fire: Promoting physical activity and health through active video games. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68) Role: conceived the study and drafted the manuscript.

2. Gao, Z., Pope, Z., Lee, J., Stodden, D., Roncesvalles, N., Pasco, D., Huang, C., & Feng, D. (in press). Impact of exergaming on young children’s school day energy expenditure and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

3. Pasco, D., Roure, C., Kermarrec, G., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press). The effects of a bike active video game on players’ physical activity and motivation. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68) Role: helped with the conception development, data analysis, and helped to draft the manuscript.

4. Zeng, N., Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (in press). A systematic review of active video games on rehabilitative outcomes among older patients. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68) Role: conceived the study, participated in its data collection, and drafted the manuscript.

5. *Gao, Z., Chen, S., Huang, C., Stodden, D., & Xiang, P. (2016). Investigating elementary school children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviors during weekdays. Journal of Sport Science. Published online: 07 Mar 2016. (impact factor: 2.25) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

6. Gao, Z., Lee, J., Pope, Z., & Zhang, D. (2016). Effects of exergaming on children’s classroom behaviors and effort. Games for Health Journal, 5(5). DOI: 10.1089/g4h.2016.0049 (impact factor: 1.32). Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and drafted the manuscript.

7. *Zeng, N., Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and obesity in youth: Current perspectives. International Journal of General Medicine, 9, 1-10. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, and drafted the manuscript.

8. Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Burns, R., & Brusseau, T. (in press). Effect of SPARK on students’ physical activity, motivation and cardiovascular fitness in physical education. Journal of Physical Activity & Health. (impact factor: 1.95) Role: helped with the conception development, design and coordination, and helped to draft the manuscript.

9. *Lee, J., Stodden, D., & Gao, Z. (in press). Young children’s energy expenditure and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity on weekdays and weekends. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. (impact factor: 1.95) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2015-0725 Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

10. Li, W., Xiang, P., Gao, Z., Shen, B., Yin, Z., & Kong, Q. (in press). Impact of national physical activity and health documents and guidelines on research in teaching K-12 physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. (impact factor: 0.74) Role: helped with the conception development, design and coordination, analyzed the data, and helped to draft the manuscript.

11. *Pope, Z., Chen, S., Pasco, D., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of body mass index on children’s physical activity levels in school-based Dance Dance Revolution. Games for Health Journal. 5(3),183-188. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2015.0098. (impact factor: 1.32). Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

12. *Lee, J., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2016). The role of youth sports in promoting children’s physical activity and preventing pediatric obesity: A systematic review. Behavioral Medicine. (impact factor: 1.74) Role: helped with the conception development, data collection, and helped to draft the manuscript.

13. * Gao, Z., Chen, S., Pasco, D., & Pope, Z. (2015). Effects of active video games on physiological and psychological outcomes among children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 16, 783-794. doi: 10.1111/obr.12287 (impact factor: 7.995) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and drafted the manuscript.

14. Maloney, A.E., Melleker, R., Buday, R., Gao, Z., Dakin, T., Esparza, L., & Alexander, S. (2015). Fun, flow and fitness: A vision for exergaming enhancements to boost physical activity. Games for Health Journal, 4(1), 53-57. (impact factor: 1.32). Role: helped with the conception development and helped to draft the manuscript.

15. * Pope, Z., Lewis, B., & Gao, Z. (2015). Using the Transtheoretical Model to examine the effects of exergaming on physical activity among children. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 12, 1205-1212. (impact factor: 1.95) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

16. Zhang, T., Moore, W, Gu, X, Chu, A., & Gao, Z. (2016). Promoting children’s physical activity in physical education: The role of Active Video Gaming. Journal of Teaching, Research, and Media in Kinesiology, 1, 1-13. Role: helped to draft the manuscript.

17. * Gao, Z., Chen, S., & Stodden, D. (2015). A comparison of young children’s physical activity levels in physical education, recess and school-based exergaming. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 12, 349-354. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2013-0392 (impact factor: 1.95) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

18. * Lee, J., Huang, C., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Integration of active video games in extracurricular activity at schools. Journal of Teaching, Research, and Media in Kinesiology, 1, 1-10. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, and helped to draft the manuscript.

19. * Zhang, P., Xiang, P., Lodewyk, K., Sheng, H., & Gao, Z. (2015). Examining psychosocial correlates of adolescent girls’ physical activity levels. Obesity and Control: Open Access, 1(1), 105. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14437/OCOA-1-105 Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

20. Ning, W., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Associations between adolescents’ situational motivation and objectively-determined physical activity levels in physical education. Journal of Teaching, Research, and Media in Kinesiology, 2, 1-13. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

21. Podlog, L., Gustafsson, H., Skoog, T., Gao, Z., Westin, M., Werner, S., & Alricsson, M. (2015). Need Satisfaction, motivation, and engagement among high performance youth athletes: A multiple mediation analysis. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. (impact factor: 1.1)DOI:10.1080/1612197X.2014.999346 Role: analyzed the data, and helped to draft the manuscript.

22. * Gao, Z., & Chen, S. (2014). Response to letter: No clear evidence that exergames can prevent obesity. Obesity Reviews, 15, 694-695. doi: 10.1111/obr.12186 (impact factor: 7.995) Role: drafted the manuscript.

23. * Gao, Z., & Chen, S. (2014). Are field-based exergames useful in preventing childhood obesity? A systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 15, 676-691. doi: 10.1111/obr.12164 (impact factor: 7.995) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

24. * Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2014). Effects of exergaming based exercise on urban children’s physical activity participation and body composition. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11(5), 992-998. (impact factor: 1.95) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

25. * Gao, Z., Zhang, P., & Podlog, L. (2014). Examining elementary school children’s enjoyment of traditional tag games versus interactive dance games. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 19 (5), 605-613. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2013.845304. (impact factor: 1.53) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

26. Chen, S., Kim, Y., & Gao, Z. (2014). The effects of physical education on youth’s daily physical activity and sedentary behavior. BMC Public Health, 14, 110. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-110. (impact factor: 2.26) Role: helped to draft the manuscript. Role: helped to draft the manuscript.

27. Stodden, D., Gao, Z., Goodway, J., & Langendorfer, S. (2014). Dynamic relationships among selected motor skills and health-related fitness in youth. Pediatrics Exercise Science, 26, 231-241. (impact factor: 1.61) Role: analyzed the data, and helped to draft the manuscript.

28. Zhang, P., Pope, Z., Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2014). Social cognitive beliefs predicting children’s physical activity and cardiovascular fitness in physical education. Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, 2(5),1-5. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2375-4494.1000172 Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

29. Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J., Shultz, B., Newton, M., & Sibthorp, J. (2013). Influence of Health-Related Physical Fitness Model on students’ physical activity, perceived competence, and enjoyment. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 117(3), 956-970. doi: 10.2466/10.06.PMS.117x32z0 (impact factor: 0.658) Role: Advised on conception and design of the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

30. * Gao, Z. (2013). The impact of an exergaming intervention on urban school children’s physical activity levels and academic outcomes. Asian Journal of Exercise and Sport Science, 10(2), 1-10. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

31. * Gao, Z. (2013). Lessons learned: Promoting children’s health through school-based active video game intervention. Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, S3, 004. doi: 10.4172/2165-7025.S3-004 Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, drafted the manuscript.

32. * Gao, Z., Hannan, P. F., Xiang, P., Stodden, D., & Valdez, V. (2013). Video game–based exercise, Latino children’s physical health, and academic achievement. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(3S3), s240-s246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.11.023 (impact factor: 4.28) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and drafted the manuscript.

33. * Gao, Z., Podlog, L., & Huang, C. (2013). Associations among children’s situational motivation, physical activity participation, and enjoyment in an interactive dance game. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2, 122-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2012.07.001 (impact factor: 1.71) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

34. * Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Chen, S., & McBride, R. (2013). The influence of student teaching experiences on pre-service PETE student teachers’ efficacy and outcome expectancy. Journal of Teaching, Research, and Media in Kinesiology, 2, 1-15. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

35. * Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Lochbaum, M., & Guan, J. (2013). The impact of achievement goals on cardiorespiratory fitness: Does self-efficacy make a difference? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(3), 313-322. DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2013.814908. (impact factor: 1.26) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

36. * Gao, Z., Zhang, T., & Stodden, D. (2013). Children’s physical activity levels and their psychological correlated in interactive dance versus aerobic dance. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2, 146-151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2013.01.005 (impact factor: 1.71) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

37. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2013). Associations between students’ situational interest, mastery experience, and physical activity levels in interactive dance. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 18(2), 233-241. DOI:10.1080/13548506.2012.712703 (impact factor: 1.53) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

38. Lodewyk, K., & Gao, Z. (2013). Epistemic-motivational profiles of fitness in high school physical education: Implications on indices of fitness engagement. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 8(2), 3-11. Role: analyzed the data, and helped to draft the manuscript.

39. Podlog, L., Gao, Z., Kenow, L., Kleinert, J., Granquist, M., Newton, M., & Hannon, J. (2013). Injury rehabilitation overadherence: Preliminary scale validation and relationships with athletic identity and self-presentation concerns. Journal of Athletic Training, 48(3), 372-381. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-48.2.20. (impact factor: 1.50) Role: analyzed the data, and helped to draft the manuscript.

40. Stodden, D., True, L., Langendorfer, S., & Gao, Z. (2013). Associations among motor skill competence and health-related fitness: Evidence for Seefeldt’s proficiency barrier in young adults. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(3), 397-403. DOI:10.1080/02701367.2013.814910 (impact factor: 1.26) Role: Analyzed the data, and helped to draft the manuscript.

41. Xiang, P., Chen, S., & Gao, Z. (2013). Instructional choices and student engagement in physical education. Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science, 10(1), 90-97. Role: helped to draft the manuscript.

42. * Gao, Z. (2012). Urban Latino school children’s physical activity correlates and daily physical activity participation: A social cognitive perspective. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 17(5), 542-550. DOI:10.1080/13548506.2011.647699. (impact factor: 1.53) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

43. * Gao, Z. (2012). Motivated but not active: The dilemmas of incorporating interactive dance into gym class. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9, 794-800. (impact factor: 1.95) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

44. * Gao, Z., Huang, C., Liu, T., & Xiong, W. (2012). Impact of interactive dance games on urban children’s physical activity correlates and behavior. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness. 10,107-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesf.2012.10.009 (impact factor: 0.529) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

45. * Gao, Z., & Podlog, L. (2012). Urban Latino children’s physical activity levels and performance in interactive video dance games: Effects of goal difficulty and goal specificity. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166(10), 933-937. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.649 (impact factor: 4.25) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

46. * Gao, Z., Podlog, L., & Harrison, L. (2012). College students’ goal orientations, situational motivation and effort/persistence in physical activity. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 31, 246-260. (impact factor: 1.02) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

47. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2012). The effect of after-school physical activities on children’s exercise determinants and behaviors. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 7(1), 18-23. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

48. Ning, W., Gao, Z., & Lodewyk, K. (2012). Associations between socio-motivational factors, physical education activity levels and physical activity behavior among youth. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 7(1), 3-11. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

49. * Sheng, H., & Gao, Z. (2012). Ethnicity differences in pedometer-based physical activity levels among adolescent girls. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 10, 38-43. doi:10.1016/j.jesf.2012.04.007 (impact factor: 0.529) Role: helped to draft the manuscript.

50. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Gao, Z., & Kosma, M. (2012). Promoting school students’ physical activity: A social ecological perspective. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 24, 92-105. DOI: 10.1080/10413200.2011.627083 (impact factor: 1.10) Role: helped to draft the manuscript.

51. * Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Huang, C. (2011). The effects of curricular activity on students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(3), 536-544. (impact factor: 1.49) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

52. * Gao, Z., Liu, Y., Lodewyk, K., Zhang, T., & Kosma, M. (2011). Reliability and validity of outcome expectancy-related measures in physical education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 15, 155-167. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

53. * Gao, Z., Lochbaum, M., & Podlog, L. (2011). Self-efficacy as a mediator of children’s achievement motivation and in-class physical activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 113(3), 969-981. (impact factor: 0.53) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

54. * Gao, Z., Oh, H., & Sheng, H. (2011). Middle school students’ body mass index and physical activity levels in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82 (1), 145-150. (impact factor: 1.49) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

55. * Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Lee, A.M., & Kosma, M. (2011). Effect of learning activity on students’ motivation, physical activity participation and effort/persistence. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 6(1), 27-33. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

56. Xiang, P., Gao, Z., & McBride, R. (2011). Examining student teachers’ use of instructional choice in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(3), 482-490. (impact factor: 1.49) Role: carried out the study, and helped to draft the manuscript.

57. * Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Solmon, M.A., Kosma, M., Carson, R.L., Zhang, T., Domangue, E., & Moore, D. (2010). Validating pedometer-based physical activity time against accelerometer in middle school physical education. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 4(1), 11-16. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

58. * Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Kosma, M., & Solmon, M.A. (2010). Understanding students’ motivation in middle school physical education: Examining the mediating role of self-efficacy on physical activity. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41, 199-215. (impact factor: 1.00) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

59. Lodewyk, K., & Gao, Z. (2010). Reflective persistence mediating the role of values on achievement in secondary physical education students. European Journal of Physical & Health Education, 3(2), 5-11. Role: helped to draft the manuscript.

60. * Gao, Z. (2009). Students’ motivation, engagement, satisfaction, and cardiorespiratory fitness in physical education. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21,102-115. (impact factor: 1.20) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

61. * Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., & Carson, R.L. (2009). Middle school students’ heart rates during different curricular activities in physical education. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 4(1), 16-19. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

62. * Gao, Z., Kosma, M., & Harrison, L. Jr. (2009). Ability beliefs, task value, and performance as a function of race in a dart-throwing task. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, 122-130. (impact factor: 1.49) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

63. * Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Solmon, M.A., & Zhang, T. (2009). Changes of middle school students’ motivation toward physical education over one school year. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 28, 378-399. (impact factor: 1.02) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

64. * Gao, Z., Lodewyk, K., & Zhang, T. (2009). The role of ability beliefs and incentives in middle school students’ intentions, cardiovascular fitness, and effort. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 28, 3-20. (impact factor: 1.02) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

65. * Gao, Z., & Newton, M. (2009). Examining the mediating role of strategy use on students’ motivation and effort/persistence in physical education. Journal of Sport Behavior, 32(3), 278-297. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

66. * Gao, Z. (2008). The role of perceived competence and enjoyment in predicting students’ physical activity levels and cardiorespiratory fitness. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 107, 365-372. (impact factor: 0.56) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

67. * Gao, Z. (2008). College students’ motivation in weight training: A combined perspective. Journal of Sport Behavior, 31 (1), 22-43. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

68. * Gao, Z., & Kosma, M. (2008). Intention as a mediator of weight training behavior among college students: An integrative framework. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20, 363-374. (impact factor: 1.20) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

69. * Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., & Harrison, L. Jr. (2008). Understanding students’ motivation in sport and physical education: From the expectancy-value model and self-efficacy theory perspectives. Quest, 60, 236-254. (impact factor: 1.01) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

70. * Gao, Z., Newton, M., & Carson, R.L. (2008). Students’ motivation, physical activity levels, and health-related physical fitness in fitness class. Middle Grades Research Journal, 3(4), 21-39. Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

71. * Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2008). College students’ motivation toward weight training class: An application of Expectancy-value Model. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 399-415. (impact factor: 1.02) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

72. * Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Harrison, L. Jr., Guan, J., & Rao, Y. (2008). A cross-cultural analysis of self-efficacy and achievement goals between American and Chinese college students in physical education. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 39, 1-18. (impact factor: 1.00) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

73. * Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Lee, A.M., & Harrison, L. Jr. (2008). Self-efficacy and outcome expectancy in beginning weight training class: Their relations to behavioral intentions and actual behavior. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, 92-100. (impact factor: 1.49) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

74. * Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., &Yi, X. (2007). Exploring the role of self-efficacy and three types of outcome expectations in weight training. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 105, 707-713. (impact factor: 0.56) Role: conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, carried out the study, analyzed the data, and drafted the manuscript.

Book Chapters
(Names in italics indicate co-authors are/were graduate students under my mentorship; * corresponding author)
1. * Sheng, H., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Adolescent girls’ physical activity levels in New Mexico: Status, determinants, and measurement issues. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. XX-XX). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

2. * Sheng, H., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Adolescent girls’ physical activity determinants and physical activity participation: An application of Social Ecological Model. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

3. * Huang, C.C., Lee, J., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Protection Motivation Theory-based beliefs predict adolescents’ physical activity and intention. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

4. * Huang, C.C., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Using motivational and volitional interventions to promote adolescents’ physical activity. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. XX-XX). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

5. * Lee, J., Stodden, D., Zhang, T., Yan, A.F., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Examining the mediating role of perceived competence in exergaming Activities. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. XX-XX). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

6. * Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Middle school students’ physical activity levels in physical education: Gender and grade differences. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. XX-XX). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

7. * Zhang, P., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Associations among elementary school children’s physical activity self-efficacy, enjoyment and perceived exertion in exergaming. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. XX-XX). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

8. Pasco, D., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press, 2015). Impact of exergaming on high school students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. XX-XX). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

9. Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Burns, R., & Hannon, J. (in press, 2015). Correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity and cardiovascular fitness during physical education. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. XX-XX). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

10. Lu, C., & Gao, Z. (2015, in press). Traditional Chinese physical activities. In Cothran, D.J. & Keating, X. (Ed.), Learning for a lifetime: Effective secondary physical education programs. Beijing, China: Higher Education Press.

11. * Gao, Z., Podlog, L. & Lee, J. (2014). Children’s situational motivation, rate of perceived exertion and physical activity levels in exergaming: Associations and gender differences. In Jeffery Graham (Ed.), Video games: Parents' perceptions, role of social media and effects on behavior (pp. 17-28). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publisher.

12. * Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Lochbaum, M. (2013). Relations of children’s hierarchical ability beliefs to their cardiovascular fitness, physical activity levels and persistence/effort. In John Saunders, Martin Holzweg, Walter Ho, & Lynn Housner, Current issues in contemporary comparative physical education and sport (pp. 121-129). Berlin, Germany: Logos Verlag Publisher.

13. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2013). Literature review on effect of physical activity on students’ cognitive abilities and academic achievement. In John Saunders, Martin Holzweg, Walter Ho, & Lynn Housner, Current issues in contemporary comparative physical education and sport (pp. 97-109). Berlin, Germany: Logos Verlag Publisher.

14. * Gao, Z. (2001). Soccer clubs in Europe and South American. In G. Rao & X. Ma (Eds.), World Soccer Encyclopedia (pp. 1124 -1206). Beijing: People’s Sports Publishing House of P.R.C.


Books
1. Gao, Z., & Pope, Z. (2015). Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

2. Gao, Z. (2001a).101 Youth soccer drills (7 -11) (Malcolm Cook, Trans.). Beijing: People's Sports Publishing House of P.R.C.

3. Gao, Z. (2001b).101 Youth soccer drills (12 -16) (Malcolm Cook, Trans.). Beijing: People's Sports Publishing House of P.R.C.

4. Gao, Z., & Wang, W. (2001).Coaching youth soccer (American Sport Education Program, Trans.). Beijing: People's Sports Publishing House of P.R.C.

5. Gao, Z., & Zhi, Y. (2001). Attacking soccer: Tactics and drills for high -scoring offense (Joseph Luxbacher, Trans.). Beijing: People's Sports Publishing House of P.R.C.

6. Gao, Z. (2000). Fulfill a successful tournament (John Byl, Trans.). Beijing: People's Sports Publishing House of P.R.C.

 

 

Selected Grant Activities

Grants and Contracts
External Sources

Received at the University of Minnesota:
1. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: French, S., & Kunin-Baston, A.S.
External Agency: National Institutes of Health (NHLBI-R56)
Project title and Dates: Teach Exergaming and Activities on Cognition and Health in Preschoolers: Project TEACH. 2017-2018
Direct costs: $243,637; Total costs: $371,343
Status: To be funded in 2016
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

2. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: Lee, H., Zhang, R.
Sources: University of Minnesota, Office of Vice President for Research Grant-In-Aid
Project title and Dates: Improving Breast Cancer Survivors’ Disease Management Outcomes through Smartphone Apps and Online Health Community. 2016-2018
Direct costs: $47,620
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

3. Investigator status: Faculty mentor
Name of PI: Lee, J.
External Agency: SHAPE America Research Grant Program
Project title and Dates: Children’s Physical Activity and Psychosocial Beliefs in App-based Physical Education. 2016-2017
Direct costs: $2,500
Role: advised the conception and design of the study.

4. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
University Sources: University of Minnesota, The Institute on Diversity, Equity and Advocacy
Project title and Dates: Promoting Health and Quality of Life through Smartphone Apps in Asian Immigrant Breast Cancer Survivors. 2015-2016
Direct costs: $7,000
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

5. Investigator status: Faculty mentor
Name of PI: Pope, Z.
External Agency: SHAPE America Research Grant Program
Project title and Dates: Promoting Physical Activity through Smartphone Apps in Overweight/Obese College Students. 2015-2016
Direct costs: $2,500
Role: advised the conception and design of the study.

6. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: French, S., & Kunin-Baston, A.S.
University Sources: University of Minnesota, Obesity Prevention Center
Project title and Dates: Effects of Home-based Exergaming Program on Preschool Children’s Physical Activity and Adiposity. 2015-2016
Direct costs: $50,000
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

7. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
University Sources: University of Minnesota, Office of Vice President for Research Grant-In-Aid
Project title and Dates: Impact of Exergaming on Urban Children’s Physical and Psychosocial Health. 2014-2015
Direct costs: $32,109
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

8. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-PI/Co-investigator: Stodden, D., & Feng, D.
External Agency: National Institutes of Health; NICHD; PA-10-070 Academic Research Enhancement Award (Parent R15: 1R15HD071514-01A1)
Project title and Dates: Impact of Interactive Video Games on Underserved Children’s Health. 2012-2015
Direct costs: $300,000; Total costs: $432,225
[Note: I received this grant in August 2012, and transferred the sub-award to UMN]
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

9. Investigator status: Co-Investigator
Name of Principal Investigator: Steinberger, J.
Name of Co-investigators: Dengel, D., Gilchrist, L., Hodges, J., Sadak, K.
University Sources: University of Minnesota, Academic Health Center’s Small Grants Program
Project title and Dates: Effect of a Home-based Fitness Intervention on Cardiometabolic Risk Profile in Pediatric Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). 2014-2015
Direct costs: $30,000
Role: helped to develop the design and measurement.

10. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
University Sources: University of Minnesota, College of Education and Human Development
Project title and Dates: Impact of Exergaming on Children’s Cardiovascular Fitness and Classroom Behaviors. 2013-2014
Direct costs: $5,000
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

11. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
University Sources: University of Minnesota, School of Kinesiology
Project title and Dates: Effects of Two Innovative Physical Activity Programs on Preschool Children’s Health and Cognitive Functions. 2013-2014
Direct costs: $3,000
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

Received at the University of Minnesota – Student Grants
1. Kolbi Becker, Principal Investigator
Grant title and external or internal agency: Studying the Diet of Adolescent Recreational Ballet Dancers. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program at the University of Minnesota
Costs: $1,600
Dates: 2012-2013
Role: advised the implementation of the study.

2. Chandler Ignaszewski, Principal Investigator
Grant title and external or internal agency: Effects of Exergaming on Children’s Aerobic Fitness and Achievement Behaviors. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program at the University of Minnesota
Costs: $1,700
Dates: 2013-2014
Role: advised the conception and design of the study.

3. Shyamlee Nanda, Principal Investigator
Grant title and external or internal agency: Effects of Smartphone Apps on Health and Quality of Life in Asian Immigrant Breast Cancer Survivors. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program at the University of Minnesota
Costs: $1,500
Dates: 2015-2016
Role: advised the conception and design of the study.

4. Matthew Tran, Principal Investigator
Grant title and external or internal agency: Testing the Feasibility of Using Smartphone Exercise App among Cancer Survivors. Undergraduate Research Scholarships at the University of Minnesota
Costs: $1,700
Dates: 2015-2016
Role: advised the conception and design of the study.

5. Kalli Fautsch, Principal Investigator
Grant title and external or internal agency: Exergaming on Behavior among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Undergraduate Research Scholarships at the University of Minnesota
Costs: $1,700
Dates: 2016-2017
Role: advised the conception and design of the study.

Received at Other Institutions:
1. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
External Agency: Texas Tech University Office of the Vice President for Institutional Diversity, Equity & Community Engagement
Project title and Dates: Institute for Inclusive Excellence. 2011
Direct costs: $1,000

2. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: Valdez, V.E.
External Agency: The University of Utah
Project title and Dates: Impact of Physical Activities on Urban Latino Children’s Physical Fitness, Self-esteem and Academic Performance. 2009-2011
Direct costs: $12,000
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

3. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: Montenegro, R., Valdez, V.E., Hannon, J.C., & Xiang, P.
External Agency: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! (#66347)
Project title and Dates: Integrating Dance Dance Revolution to Promote Urban Latino School Children’s Physical Health and Academic Achievement: Project GAME. 2009-2011
Direct costs: $74,041
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

4. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: Hannon, J.C., & Newton, M.
External Agency: The University of Utah College of Health
Project title and Dates: The Impact of Classroom-based Physical Activity (Take 10!) on Underserved Children’s Exercise Motivation and Physical Health. 2010-2012
Direct costs: $5,000
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

5. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: Hannon, J.C., & Newton, M.
External Agency: The University of Utah College of Health
Project title and Dates: The Effects of Goal Setting on Overweight Students’ Physical Activity Levels and Performance in the Dance Dance Revolution Program. 2008-2010
Direct costs: $7,500
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

6. Investigator status: Principal Investigator
Name of Co-investigator: Hannon, J.C., & Newton, M.
External Agency: AAHPERD Research Consortium
Project title and Dates: The Effects of Curricular Activity on Students’ Situational Motivation and Physical Activity Levels in Physical Education. 2008-2010
Direct costs: $5,000
Role: conceived the study, and developed the design and proposal.

7. Investigator status: Faculty Mentor
Name of Principal investigator: Huang, C.
External Agency: The University of Utah PEAK Academy
Project title and Dates: Effect of Aerobic Exercises on Children’s Exercise Determinants and Behaviors. 2009-2010
Direct costs: 1,500
Role: advised the conception and design of the study.

8. Investigator status: Co-investigator
Name of Principal investigator: Newton, M.
External Agency: The University of Utah College of Health
Project title and Dates: Predictors of Sportpersonship and Motivation in High School Athletes. 2009-2011
Direct costs: 6,200
Role: helped the conception and design of the study.

9. Investigator status: Co-investigator
Name of Principal investigator: Richardson, G.
External Agency: The Utah Partnership for Health Weight
Project title and Dates: Tipping the Scales towards a Healthier Population: The Utah Blueprint to Promote Healthy Weight for Children, Youth, and Adults. 2009-2011
Direct costs: $200,000
Role: helped the design of the study.

Research Fellowship
1. 2011, Visiting research fellowship, the Dr. Stephen Hui Research Center for Physical
Recreation and Wellness, Hong Kong Baptist University. $2,000

Travel Grant
1. 2015, International Travel Grant, the Global Programs and Strategy Alliance, University of Minnesota, $1,500
2. 2013, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! program. Travel Grant, $1,000
3. 2013, American College of Preventive Medicine. Travel Grant, $1,000
4. 2011, The Vice President for Research Office at Texas Tech University, Travel Award. $500
5. 2011, The Dean’s Office of College of Arts and Sciences, Texas Tech University, Travel Award. $500
6. 2011, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! program. $1,000
7. 2010, University of Utah College of Health Research Travel Grant. $1,500
8. 2009, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Healthy Kids, Healthy Nation program. $1,000.00
9. 2009, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! program. $1,000
10. 2008, National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education Travel Grant. $250
11. 2007, American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Travel Grant. $300
12. 2007, Louisiana State University Graduate School Travel Award. $300
13. 2006, American Educational Research Association Graduate Student Travel Award.
$200
14. 2006, Louisiana State University Graduate School Travel Award. $300
15. 2006, Louisiana State University Chinese Student and Scholar Association Travel fund for Southern America Chinese Soccer Cup. $250
16. 2004, Louisiana State University Graduate School Travel Award. $450

Published Abstracts

Abstracts
Names in italics indicate co-authors are/were graduate students under my mentorship
1. Gao, Z., Huang, C., Stodden, D., Roncesvalles, N., & Pope, Z. (2015). Effects of school-based exergaming on children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviors. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Abstract Book, 1, 29.

2. Gao, Z., Hannah, P., Barr-anderson, D., Larson, N., Thul C., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2015). Growth trajectories of individuals’ physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and BMI from childhood through young adulthood. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Abstract Book, 1, 618

3. Gao, Z., Lee, J., & Pope, Z. (2015, May). Effect of two physical activity interventions on preschool children’s cognitive functions and perceived competence. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(5), S302.

4. Gao, Z., Pope, Z., &, Huang, C. (2015, May). Associations between children’s health-related fitness and physical activity in exergaming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(5), S383.

5. Gao, Z., Gao, X., Liu, Y., Lee, J. (2015, March). Assessing physical activity levels through motion sensors in exergaming. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 86(sup2), A-43.

6. Chen, S., Nam, Y., Gao, Z., & Welk, G.J. (2015, May). Intervening in adolescents’ knowledge and motivation about energy balance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(5), S417.

7. Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Allen, B., & Burns, R. (2015, May). Effect of SPARK on physical activity, cardiorespiratory endurance, and motivation in middle-school students. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(5), S379.

8. Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2015, May). The acute effect of exergaming on elementary school children’s Mood. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(5), S581.

9. Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Kindergartner’s accelerometer-determined physical activity and sedentary behaviors in exergaming. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Abstract Book, 1, 30.

10. Pope, Z., Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2015, May). Comparison of children’s recess and after-school physical activity: Effects of school days and weight status. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(5), S381.

11. Pope, Z., Lee, J., Zhang, D., & Gao, Z. (2015). Validation of physical activity survey for during school activities in urban children. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Abstract Book, 1, 584.

12. Pope, Z., Lee, J., Zhang, D., & Gao, Z. (2015, May). Association between urban children’s psychosocial beliefs and their outside school physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(5), S419.

13. Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., & Burns, R. (2015, March). Effect of SPARK on students’ academic learning time in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 86(sup2), A-14.

14. Lee, J., Zhang, D., Nour, A., Miller, J., Liu, Z., Ignaszewski, C., Gmiterko, N., & Gao, Z. (2015, March). Effects of exergaming on children’s classroom behaviors and effort. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 86(sup2), A-79.

15. Pope, Z., Gmiterko, N., Nour, A., & Gao, Z (2015, March). Effectiveness of smartphone based physical activity on individuals’ health outcomes. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 86(sup2), A-84.

16. Roure, C., Pasco, D., Kermarrec, G., & Gao, Z. (2015). High school students’ situational interest predicting physical activity levels in exergaming. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Abstract Book, 1, 396.

17. Gao, Z., Chen, S., & Pasco, D. (2014, May). Effects of exergaming on children’s health outcomes: A meta-analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(5), S48.

18. Gao, Z., Huang, C., Stodden, D., Chen, S., & Feng, D. (2014, May). Children’s physical activity levels in school-based and after school programs. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(5), S398.

19. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Feng, D. (2014, April). Associations among elementary children’s motor skills, fitness and physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-64.

20. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., Huang, C., & Feng, D. (2014, April). Impact of exergaming on elementary children’s physical activity levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-8.

21. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2014, April). Effects of DDR-based exercise on children’s self-esteem and physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-9.

22. Chen, S., Xiang, P., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Relationships between students’ perceived relatedness and motivational outcomes in PE. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-39.

23. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Impact of BMI on children’s fitness and enjoyment in PE. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-63.

24. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Physical activity, Social-Cognitive variables, and stages of change in adolescents. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-70.

25. Lee, J., Gao, Z., & Nelson, T.F. (2014, April). The role of youth sports in promoting children’s physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-77.

26. Yi, X., Gao, Z., & Chen, L. (2014, April). Examining Social Ecological determinants of RPA among Chinese Elderly. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-92.

27. Gao, Z., Lewis, B., & Kosma, M. (2013, May). Using the Transtheoretical Model to examine the effects of exergaming on physical activity among children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(5), S401.

28. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Ning, W. (2013, May). A comparison of young children’s physical activity levels in physical education, recess and exergaming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(5), S286-287.

29. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2013, May). The influence of health-related physical fitness model on children’s physical activity levels and motivation. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(5), S406.

30. Gao, Z. (2013). Children’s physical activity levels in DDR by body mass index. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-66.

31. Gao, Z. & Xiang, P. (2013). Children’s physical activity levels in interactive dance across skill levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-5.

32. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Zhang, T. (2013). Examining the mediating role of perceived competence in exergaming Activities. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-5.

33. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2013). Age and gender differences of adolescents’ physical activity in PE. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-41.

34. Huang, C., Gao, Z. & Ning, W. (2013). Body fat influences children’s perceived competence, physical activity, and fitness. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-6.

35. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2013). Protection Motivation Theory-based beliefs predicts adolescents’ physical activity and intention. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-18.

36. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2013). Using motivational and volitional interventions to promote adolescents’ physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-17.

37. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2013). Associations between adolescents’ situational motivation and physical activity in PE. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-51.

38. Ning, W., Gao, Z., Hart, M., Zhang, Y., & Burley, H. (2013). A meta-analysis of physiological and psychological benefits of exergaming. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-69.

39. Zhang, T., Thomas, K., & Gao, Z. (2013). Fitness mediates motor skills and physical activity in Hispanic children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A-5.

40. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Stodden, D. (2012, May). Impact of an integrative dance based program on urban children’s physical fitness and academic achievement. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(5), S119-120.

41. Gao, Z. & Zhang, T. (2012, May). Children’s physical activity levels and their psychological correlated in interactive dance versus and aerobic dance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(5), S483.

42. Zhang, T., & Gao, Z. (2012, May). Motor skill competence and physical activity: Perceived competence as a mediator. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(5), S391.

43. Gao, Z., Liu, Y., You, F., & Ning, W. (2012, March). Fourth graders’ PA levels in interactive dance across weight status. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-70.

44. Gao, Z., & Huang, C. (2012, March). Children’s motivation, perceived exertion and physical activity levels in exergaming. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-70.

45. Gao, Z., Ning, W., & Stodden, D. (2012, March). Elementary children’s self-efficacy, enjoyment and perceived exertion in exergaming. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-2.

46. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2012, March). Impact of interactive dance on children’s PA and body composition. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-1.

47. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). Comparing children’s physical activity levels in DDR and aerobic dance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-2.

48. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). Children’s exercise determinants and physical education in-class activity levels in predicting physical activity behavior. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-79.

49. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). Role of exergaming in promoting physical activity and health. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-1.

50. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). The effect of after-school physical activities on children’s exercise determinants and behaviors. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(1), A-48.

51. Stodden, D., Langendorfer, S. Goodway, J., Ferkel, R., & Gao, Z. (2012). The relationships among motor skill competence and health-related fitness across childhood. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 34, S13.

52. Gao, Z. (2011, March). School children’s enjoyment toward traditional games and interactive dance games. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(1), A-40.

53. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Huang, C. (2011, May). Effects of goal setting on Latino children’s performance and physical activity in Dance Dance Revolution. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5), S631.

54. Gao, Z., Valdez, V.E., & Xiang, P. (2011, May). Impact of structured exercise program on urban children’s physical health and academic performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5), S23.

55. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Sheng, H., & Lodewyk, K.R. (2011, March). Examining adolescent girls’ physical activity participation and determinants. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(1), A-58.

56. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2011, May). Urban school children’s health-related physical fitness and physical activity participation. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5), S620.

57. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2011, May). Examining children’s motivation, physical activity participation, and enjoyment in an interactive dance game. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5), S224.

58. McGladrey, B.W., Hannon, J.C., Faigenbaum, A., Shultz, B.B., Shaw, J.M., & Gao, Z. (2011, March). High school physical educators’ and coaches’ strength training knowledge. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(1), A-48.

59. Williams, S.M., Hannon, J.C., Gao, Z., Mitchell, S., Newton, M., & Shultz, B.B. (2011, March). PA levels in coed and same-sex PE using tactical games. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(1), A-55.

60. Gao, Z. (2010, May). Examining urban Latino school children’s exercise motivation and daily physical activity levels. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 42(5), S186.

61. Destani, F., Newton, M., Hannon, J.C., Gao, Z., Shultz, B., & Kim, M. (2010, March). Relationships among psychological climate and physical activity in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(1), A-47.

62. Gao, Z., Liang, T., & Huang, C. (2010, March). Promoting children’s exercise motivation and physical activity through interactive games. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(1), A-22.

63. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & McBride, R.E. (2010, March). Effects of PE student teachers’ beliefs on their instructional choices. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(1), A-49.

64. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2010, March). Relationships between students’ situational interest, experience, and engagement in DDR. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(1), A-xx-Axxii.

65. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2010, March). Social cognitive variables predicting children’s physical activity and cardiovascular fitness. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(1), A-54.

66. Liang, T., Gao, Z., Huang, C., & Hannon, J.C. (2010, March). Gender differences in students’ physical activity levels across different activities. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 81(1), A-60.

67. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Huang, C. (2009, March). The effects of learning activity on students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -118.

68. Gao, Z., Huang, C., & Hannon, J.C. (2009, March). Students’ physical activity levels and motivation in Dance Dance Revolution. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -57.

69. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Liu, W. (2009, March). Effect of student teaching on pre-service PE teachers’ efficacy beliefs. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -57.

70. Huang, C., Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Liu, W. (2009, March). Relationships between PE student teachers’ efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancy. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -61.

71. Huang, C., Gao, Z., & Zhang, T. (2009, March). Children’s physical activity levels: Activity and gender differences. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -60.

72. Oh, H., & Gao, Z. (2009, March). Middle school students’ physical activity levels by gender and grade. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -69.

73. Sheng, H., & Gao, Z. (2009, March). Middle school students’ MVPA during team sports in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -74.

74. Xiang, P., Gao, Z., & McBride, R. (2009, March). PE student teachers’ use of choice for students in student teaching. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -84.

75. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Gao, Z., & Kosma, M. (2009, March). Examining school students’ participation in leisure-time physical activity behaviors. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(1), A -36.

76. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Kosma, M., & Solmon, M.A. (2008, May). Understanding students’ motivation in middle school physical education: Examining the mediating role of self-efficacy on physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 40(5), S250.

77. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Zhang, T. (2008, April). Middle school students’ self-efficacy and achievement motivation in predicting physical activity levels in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A -49.

78. Gao, Z., Liu, Y., Zhang, T. & Kosma, M. (2008, April). Temporal stability of outcome expectancy in middle school physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A -32.

79. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Lee, A.M., & Gao, Z. (2008, May). Students’ situational motivation, effort, and activity levels in physical education. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 40(5), S322.

80. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Domangue, E., Gao, Z., & Gu, X. (2008, April) Environmental and psychosocial correlates of physical activity in middle school children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, A -30.

81. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Solmon, M.A., Kosma, M., Carson, R., Zhang, T., Domangue, E., & Moore, D. (2007, May). Comparison of objective measures of children’s in-class activity levels in middle school physical education. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 39(5), 185.

82. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., & Zhang, T. (2007, March). Examining middle school students’ motivation in physical education from social cognitive paradigm. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, A -57.

83. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2007, March). Exploring the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationships between achievement goals and fitness testing scores among secondary physical education students. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, A -56.

84. Yi, X., Niu, J., & Gao, Z. (2007, March). Analysis of intrinsic motivation in the integrated curriculum and Sport Education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, A -78.

85. Zhang, T., Solmon, M. A., Johnson, G. L., & Gao, Z. (2007, March). Relative contributions of psychosocial factors in predicting college students’ physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, A -87.

86. Zhang, T., Solmon, M. A., Johnson, G. L., & Gao, Z. (2007, March). Examining environmental influences on college students’ participation in physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, A -38.

87. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Harrison, L. Jr., & Yi, X. (2006). The role of different types of outcome expectations in physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77, A -57.

88. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Xiang, P. & Harrison, L. Jr. (2006). The relationship of goal orientations to self -determined motivation and persistence in physical activity contexts. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77, A -57.

89. Harrison, L. Jr., Gao, Z., Rotich, W., Li, L., & Young, M. (2006). Perception of differences between black - and white - players’ movements in basketball. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77, A -87.

90. Yi, X., & Gao, Z. (2006). Impact of national standards on curriculum of physical education teacher education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77, A -73.

91. Gao, Z., & Harrison, L. Jr. (2005). Examining the role of physical self-efficacy as a function of race and gender in physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76, A -72.

Presentations

Invited Presentations
International/National
Invited Presentations at Professional Meetings, Conferences, etc.
1. Gao, Z. (2014, April). Promoting physical activity and academic achievement through school-based exergaming interventions. Presented at Minnesota Communities Caring For Children 7th Annual Healing Vessels Forum in St. Paul, MN, 2014

2. Gao, Z. (2013, April). Evolution of school-based exergaming interventions. Presented at National Association for Sport and Physical Education in Charlotte, NC, 2013 (Keynote Speaker).

3. Gao, Z. (2013, February). Impact of Exergaming on Latino children’s physical health and academic achievement. Project presented at American College of Preventive Medicine annual meeting in Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona (Keynote Speaker).

4. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2011, September). Gaming Approaches to Promore Exercise. Project presented at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! annual summit meeting in San Antonio, TX, 2011.

5. Gao, Z. (2011, July 16th -17th). Project GAME: Gaming Approaches for More Exercise. Project presented at The Society of Chinese Scholars on Exercise Physiology and Fitness 2011annual conference in Kao Hsiung, Taiwan, 2011 (Keynote Speaker).

6. Gao, Z. (2011, July 20th). Project GAME. Project presented at 2011 International Conference on Sport Science (Lifestyle management: A long-term wellness education) in Hong Kong (Keynote Speaker).

7. Gao, Z. (2010, September). Integrating Dance Dance Revolution to Promote Urban Latino School Children’s Physical Health and Academic Achievement. Project presented at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! annual summit meeting in San Antonio, TX, 2010.

8. Gao, Z., Montenegro, R., Valdez, V.E., Hannon, J. C., & Xiang, P. (2009, November). Integrating Dance Dance Revolution to promote urban Latino school children’s physical health and academic achievement: Project GAME. Project presented at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Healthy Kids, Healthy Nation Conference in Atlanta, GA, 2009.

9. Gao, Z., Montenegro, R., Valdez, V.E., Hannon, J. C., & Xiang, P. (2009, September). Integrating Dance Dance Revolution to promote urban Latino school children’s physical health and academic achievement: Project GAME. Project presented (both poster presentation and oral presentation) at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! annual summit meeting in San Antonio, TX, 2009.

10. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Huang, C. (2009, March). The effects of learning activity on students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels in physical education. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009. [Funded by 2008-2009 AAHPERD Research Consortium Seed Grants]

11. Gao, Z. (2008, January). Understanding students’ motivation and physical activity levels in middle school physical education. Paper presented at a special session with 2008 Hanna Lecturer at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Albuquerque, NM, 2008 (NAKPEHE Young Scholar Award presentation).

Peer-Reviewed Presentations
Contributed Papers Presented at Professional Meetings, Conferences, etc.
Names in italics indicate co-authors are/were graduate students under my mentorship
1. Gao, Z., Lee, J., Stodden, D., & Roncesvalles, R. (2016).Trajectory changes of children’s energy expenditure and physical activity: The effect of physical activity regiment. Presented for presentation at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

2. Gao, Z., Lee, J., Stodden, D., Roncesvalles, R., & Pasco, D., & Huang, C. (2016). Effect of exergaming on children’s energy expenditure and physical activity. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

3. Gao, Z., Lee, J., & Zhang, P. (2016). Children’s energy expenditure and physical activity during weekdays and weekends. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

4. Cheung, N., Zeng, N., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and rehabilitation in older adults: A systematic review. Presented at Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

5. Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Dynamic relationship among elementary school children’s psychosocial beliefs, outside school physical activity and screen time. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

6. Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Secular trends in relationship among psychosocial beliefs, physical activity intention and behavior among children. Presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

7. Lee, J., Stodden, D., & Gao, Z. (2016). Impact of exergaming on children’s motor skills and health-related fitness. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

8. Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Relationships among children’s psychosocial beliefs, physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

9. Pope, Z., Lee, J., Li, X., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of exergaming on college students’ energy expenditure, physical activity and enjoyment. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

10. Pope, Z., Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (2016). A meta-analysis of effects of exergaming on individuals’ rehabilitation. Presented at Exercise Is Medicine World Congress in Boston, MA, 2016.

11. Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of exergaming intervention on children’s psychosocial beliefs and school day energy expenditure. Presented at Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

12. Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and children’s before and after School physical activity behaviors. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

13. Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of Exergaming on Urban Children’s Physical Activity and Fitness. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

14. Zeng, N., Pope, Z., Lee, J., Li, X., & Gao, Z. (2016). College students’ situational motivation, energy expenditure, and blood pressure in exergaming and treadmill walking. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

15. Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and motor Skills among youth and young adults: A systematic review. Presented at Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

16. Nelson, R., Kaase, K., Niswonger, H., Cheung, N., Pope, Z., Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of active video games on rehabilitation outcomes among patients. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

17. Swenson, S., Cheung, N., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2016). Objectively-measured determined physical activity levels during structured exercise among home-school children. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

18. Pasco, D., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of Exerbike on adults’ physical activity and situational motivation. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

19. Yi, X., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of exercise on health outcomes among risk older adults. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

20. Gao, Z., Hannah, P., Barr-anderson, D., Larson, N., Thul C., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2015). Growth trajectories of individuals’ physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and BMI from childhood through young adulthood. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

21. Gao, Z., Lee, J., & Pope, Z. (2015). Effect of two physical activity interventions on preschool children’s cognitive functions and perceived competence. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

22. Gao, Z., Pope, Z., &, Huang, C. (2015). Associations between children’s health-related fitness and physical activity in exergaming. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine in San Diego, CA, 2015.

23. Gao, Z., Huang, C., Stodden, D., Roncesvalles, N., & Pope, Z. (2015). Trajectory changes of children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviors over two years: Effects of exergaming and physical education. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

24. Gao, Z., Gao, X., Liu, Y., Lee, J. (2015). Assessing physical activity levels through motion sensors in exergaming. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

25. Chen, S., Nam, Y., Gao, Z., & Welk, G.J. (2015). Intervening in adolescents’ knowledge and motivation about energy balance. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

26. Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., & Burns, R. (2015). Effect of SPARK on students’ academic learning time in physical education. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

27. Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Allen, B., & Burns, R. (2015). Effect of SPARK on physical activity, cardiorespiratory endurance, and motivation in middle-school students. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

28. Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2015). The acute effect of exergaming on elementary school children’s Mood. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

29. Lee, J., Zhang, D., Nour, A., Miller, J., Liu, Z., Ignaszewski, C., Gmiterko, N., & Gao, Z. (2015). Effects of exergaming on children’s classroom behaviors and effort. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

30. Roure, C., Pasco, D., Kermarrec, G., & Gao, Z. (2015). High school students’ situational interest predicting physical activity levels in exergaming. Paper presented to International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

31. Pasco, D., & Gao, Z. (2015). Impact of exergaming on high school students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels. Paper presented at 2015 Association Internationale des Ecoles Superieures d'Education Physique (International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education) annual meeting.

32. Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Kindergartner’s accelerometer-determined physical activity and sedentary behaviors in exergaming. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

33. Pope, Z., Lee, J., Zhang, D., & Gao, Z. (2015). Validation of physical activity survey for during school activities in urban children. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

34. Pope, Z., Gmiterko, N., Nour, A., & Gao, Z (2015). Effectiveness of smartphone based physical activity on individuals’ health outcomes. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

35. Pope, Z., Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2015). Comparison of children’s recess and after-school physical activity: Effects of school days and weight status. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

36. Pope, Z., Lee, J., Zhang, D., & Gao, Z. (2015). Association between urban children’s psychosocial beliefs and their outside school physical activity. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine in San Diego, CA, 2015.

37. Li, W., Xiang, P., Shen, B., & Gao, Z. (2015). Impact of national physical activity and health documents and guidelines on research in teaching K-12 physical education. Paper presented at National Meeting of the American Education Research Association, 2015.

38. Gao, Z. (2014, January). Children’s physical activity levels during physical education, recess, lunch-time and after-school. Paper presented at the National Association for Kinesiology in Higher Education Collaborative Conference and International Congress in San Diego, CA.

39. Gao, Z. (2014, May). The role of exergaming in contributing to children’s daily physical activity levels. Paper presented at The Games for Increasing Physical Activity Conference in Houston, TX.

40. Gao, Z. (2014, August). The role of active video games in promoting health among children. Paper presented at North American Society for Pediatric Exercise Medicine in Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

41. Gao, Z., Chen, S., & Pasco, D. (2014, May). Effects of exergaming on children’s health outcomes: A meta-analysis. Paper presented at Congress of Exercise is Medicine annual meeting in Orlando, FL, 2014.

42. Gao, Z., Huang, C., Stodden, D., Chen, S., & Feng, D. (2014, May). Children’s physical activity levels in school-based and after school programs. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Orlando, FL, 2014.

43. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Feng, D. (2014, April). Associations among elementary children’s motor skills, fitness and physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

44. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., Huang, C., & Feng, D. (2014, April). Impact of exergaming on elementary children’s physical activity levels. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

45. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2014, April). Effects of DDR-based exercise on children’s self-esteem and physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

46. Chen, S., Xiang, P., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Relationships between students’ perceived relatedness and motivational outcomes in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

47. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Impact of BMI on children’s fitness and enjoyment in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

48. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Physical activity, Social-Cognitive variables, and stages of change in adolescents. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

49. Lee, J., Gao, Z., & Nelson, T.F. (2014, April). The role of youth sports in promoting children’s physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

50. Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Demographic correlates in children’s physical activity and physical fitness in exergaming. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

51. Pope, Z., Gao, Z. (2014, August). Examining young children’s physical activity levels in an exergaming program through accelerometers and pedometers: Age and gender differences. Paper presented at North American Society for Pediatric Exercise Medicine in Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

52. Yi, X., Gao, Z., & Chen, L. (2014, April). Examining Social Ecological determinants of RPA among Chinese Elderly. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

53. Zhang, D., Liu, Z., & Gao, Z. (2014, April). Effect of static and dynamic exercise intervention to desk-type people with spinal disease. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

54. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Ning, W. (2013, May). A comparison of young children’s physical activity levels in physical education, recess and exergaming. Paper presented at annual meeting of World Congress of Exercise is Medicine in Indianapolis, IN, 2013.

55. Gao, Z., Lewis, B., & Kosma, M. (2013, May). Using the Transtheoretical Model to examine the effects of exergaming on physical activity among children. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Indianapolis, IN, 2013.

56. Gao, Z. (2013, April). Children’s physical activity levels in DDR by body mass index. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

57. Gao, Z. & Xiang, P. (2013, April). Children’s physical activity levels in interactive dance across skill levels. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

58. Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Zhang, T. (2013, April). Examining the mediating role of perceived competence in exergaming Activities. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

59. Gao, Z., & Huang, C. (2013, April). Association among elementary children’s intrinsic motivation, rate of perceived exertion and physical activity in DDR. Paper presented at the 2013 International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Forum in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

60. Gao, Z., & Liu, Y. (2013, April). Children’s pedometer-based physical activity levels in active dance video games: Effect of body mass index. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

61. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2013, May). The influence of health-related physical fitness model on children’s physical activity levels and motivation. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Indianapolis, IN, 2013.

62. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2013, April). Age and gender differences of adolescents’ physical activity in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

63. Zhang, T., Thomas, K., & Gao, Z. (2013, April). Fitness mediates motor skills and physical activity in Hispanic children. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

64. Huang, C., Gao, Z. & Ning, W. (2013, April). Body fat influences children’s perceived competence, physical activity, and fitness. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

65. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2013, April). Associations between adolescents’ situational motivation and physical activity in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

66. Ning, W., Gao, Z., Hart, M., Zhang, Y., & Burley, H. (2013, April). A meta-analysis of physiological and psychological benefits of exergaming. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

67. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2013, April). Protection Motivation Theory-based beliefs predicts adolescents’ physical activity and intention. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

68. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2013, April). Using motivational and volitional interventions to promote adolescents’ physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

69. Tian, Z., Sun, Q., & Gao, Z. (2013, April). Current status and analysis of construction of college sports system among top tier universities in China. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

70. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Stodden, D. (2012, May). Impact of an integrative dance based program on urban children’s physical fitness and academic achievement. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Francisco, CA, 2012.

71. Gao, Z. & Zhang, T. (2012, May). Children’s physical activity levels and their psychological correlated in interactive dance versus aerobic dance. Paper presented at the annual meeting of World Congress of Exercise is Medicine in San Francisco, CA, 2012.

72. Zhang, T., & Gao, Z. (2012, May). Motor skill competence and physical activity: Perceived competence as a mediator. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Francisco, CA, 2012.

73. Gao, Z., & Huang, C. (2012, March). Children’s motivation, perceived exertion and physical activity levels in exergaming. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

74. Gao, Z., Liu, Y., You, F., & Ning, W. (2012, March). Fourth graders’ PA levels in interactive dance across weight status. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

75. Gao, Z., Ning, W., & Stodden, D. (2012, March). Elementary children’s self-efficacy, enjoyment and perceived exertion in exergaming. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

76. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2012, March). Impact of interactive dance on children’s PA and body composition. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

77. Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). Comparing children’s physical activity levels in DDR and aerobic dance. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

78. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). Children’s exercise determinants and physical education in-class activity levels in predicting physical activity behavior. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

79. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). Role of exergaming in promoting physical activity and health. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

80. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2012, March). The effect of after-school physical activities on children’s exercise determinants and behaviors. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

81. Xiang, P., Chen, S., & Gao, Z. (2012, July). Instructional choices and student engagement in physical education. Paper accepted for presentation at the Third International Conference on Sport and Society, Cambridge University, UK, 2012.

82. Stodden, D., Langendorfer, S. Goodway, J., Ferkel, R., & Gao, Z. (2012, June). The relationships among motor skill competence and health-related fitness across childhood. Paper presented at The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity in Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012.

83. Gao, Z. (2011, March). School children’s enjoyment toward traditional games and interactive dance games. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in San Diego, CA, 2011.

84. Gao, Z. (2011, June). Impact of an interactive video game on urban children’s academic motivation and performance. Paper presented at The International Society for Comparative Physical Education and Sport meeting (Physical Education and Sport: Challenges and Future Directions), Shanghai, China, 2011.

85. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Huang, C. (2011, May). Effects of goal setting on Latino children’s performance and physical activity in Dance Dance Revolution. Paper presented at the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Denver, CO, 2011.

86. Gao, Z., Valdez, V.E., & Xiang, P. (2011, May). The impact of structured exercise program on urban children’s physical health and academic performance. Paper presented at annual meeting of World Congress of Exercise is Medicine in Denver, CO, 2011.

87. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Lochbaum, M. (2011, June). Examining the relationships between children’s hierarchical ability beliefs, cardiovascular fitness and achievement behaviors. Paper presented at The International Society for Comparative Physical Education and Sport meeting (Physical Education and Sport: Challenges and Future Directions), Shanghai, China, 2011.

88. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & McBride, R.E. (2011, April). The influence of student teaching on physical education student teachers’ self-efficacy and outcome expectancy beliefs. Paper presented at the American Education Research Association, New Orleans, LA, 2011.

89. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Sheng, H., & Lodewyk, K.R. (2011, March). Examining adolescent girls’ physical activity participation and determinants. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in San Diego, CA, 2011.

90. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2011, June). Using physically interactive video game as an extracurricular physical activity. Paper presented at The International Society for Comparative Physical Education and Sport meeting (Physical Education and Sport: Challenges and Future Directions), Shanghai, China, 2011.

91. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2011, May). Urban children’s situational motivation, physical activity, and enjoyment in an interactive dance game. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine in Denver, CO, 2011.

92. McGladrey, B.W., Hannon, J.C., Faigenbaum, A., Shultz, B.B., Shaw, J.M., & Gao, Z. (2011, March). High school physical educators’ and coaches’ strength training knowledge. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in San Diego, CA, 2011.

93. Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2011, June). Research literature in effect of physical activity on students’ cognitive abilities and academic achievement. Paper presented at The International Society for Comparative Physical Education and Sport meeting (Physical Education and Sport: Challenges and Future Directions), Shanghai, China, 2011.

94. Williams, S.M., Hannon, J.C., Gao, Z., Mitchell, S., Newton, M., & Shultz, B.B. (2011, March). PA levels in coed and same-sex PE using tactical games. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in San Diego, CA, 2011.

95. You, F., & Gao, Z. (2011, May). Urban school children’s health-related physical fitness and physical activity participation. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine in Denver, CO, 2011.

96. Destani, F., Newton, M., Hannon, J.C., Gao, Z., Shultz, B., & Kim, M. (2010, March). Relationships among psychological climate and physical activity in physical education. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Indianapolis, IN, 2010.

97. Litvinenko, S., Newton, M., & Gao, Z. (2010, June). Sport enjoyment of the college students after physical activity. Paper presented at 15th European College of Sport Science Congress in Antalya, Turkey.

98. Gao, Z. (2010, June). Examining urban Latino school children’s exercise motivation and daily physical activity levels. Paper presented at the annual meeting of World Congress of Exercise is Medicine in Baltimore, MD, 2010.

99. Gao, Z., Liang, T., & Huang, C. (2010, March). Promoting children’s exercise motivation and physical activity through interactive games. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Indianapolis, IN, 2010.

100. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & McBride, R.E. (2010, March). Effects of PE student teachers’ beliefs on their instructional choices. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Indianapolis, IN, 2010.

101. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2010, March). Relationships between students’ situational interest, experience, and engagement in DDR. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Indianapolis, IN, 2010 (2010 American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Graduate Student Research Award).

102. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2010, March). Social cognitive variables predicting children’s physical activity and cardiovascular fitness. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Indianapolis, IN, 2010.

103. Liang, T., & Gao, Z. (2010, January). Children’s previous experiences, DDR performance, and physical activity levels. Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Scottsdale, AZ, 2010.

104. Liang, T., Gao, Z., Huang, C., & Hannon, J.C. (2010, March). Gender differences in students’ physical activity levels across different activities. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Indianapolis, IN, 2010.

105. Gao, Z. (2009, January). Motivated but not active: The dilemmas of integrating Dance Dance Revolution into physical education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Sarasota, FL, 2009.

106. Gao, Z., Huang, C., & Hannon, J.C. (2009, March). Students’ physical activity levels and motivation in Dance Dance Revolution. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009.

107. Gao, Z., Newton, M., & Carson, R.L. (2009, January). The relationships between students’ motivation, physical activity levels, and health-related physical fitness. Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Sarasota, FL, 2009.

108. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Liu, W. (2009, March). Effect of student teaching on pre-service PE teachers’ efficacy beliefs. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009.

109. Huang, C., Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Liu, W. (2009, March). Relationships between PE student teachers’ efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancy. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009.

110. Huang, C., Gao, Z., & Zhang, T. (2009, March). Children’s physical activity levels: Activity and gender differences. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009.

111. Lodewyk, K., & Gao, Z. (2009, April). Reflective persistence mediating the role of values on achievement in secondary physical education students. Paper presented at the American Education Research Association, San Diego, CA, 2009.

112. Oh, H., & Gao, Z. (2009, March). Middle school students’ physical activity levels by gender and grade. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009.

113. Sheng, H., & Gao, Z. (2009, March). Middle school students’ MVPA during team sports in physical education. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009.

114. Sheng, H., & Gao, Z. (2009, January). The changes of students’ physical fitness over one school year. Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Sarasota, FL, 2009.

115. Xiang, P., Gao, Z., & McBride, R. (2009, March). PE student teachers’ use of choice for students in student teaching. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009.

116. Yang, Q., & Gao, Z. (2009, January). The formation and development of American New Physical Education Theory. Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Sarasota, FL, 2009.

117. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Gao, Z., & Gu, X. (2009, April). Students’ motivation in physical education and physical activity outside school: The role of supportive social environment. Paper presented at the American Education Research Association, San Diego, CA, 2009.

118. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Gao, Z., & Gu, X. (2009, January). Self-determination in physical education: Linking psychological need satisfaction to middle school students’ affective response. Paper presented at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Sarasota, FL, 2009.

119. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Gao, Z., & Kosma, M. (2009, March). Examining school students’ participation in leisure-time physical activity behaviors. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009 (2009 American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Graduate Student Research Award).

120. Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2009, November). Implement martial arts into school physical education curriculum. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Utah Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Provo, UT, 2009.

121. Gao, Z., & Yi, X. (2008, August). Students’ perceived competence, enjoyment, physical activity levels, and cardiorespiratory fitness in physical education. Paper presented for presentation at International Convention on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport, Guangzhou, China, 2008.

122. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Kosma, M., & Solmon, M.A. (2008, May). Understanding students’ motivation in middle school physical education: Examining the mediating role of self-efficacy on physical activity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in Indianapolis, IN, 2008.

123. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., & Carson, R.L. (2008, June). The effects of curricular activities on middle school students’ heart rate-based physical activity outcomes in physical education. Paper accepted for presentation at the annual meeting of the Southwest Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Waikoloa, HI, 2008.

124. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Zhang, T. (2008, April). Middle school students’ self-efficacy and achievement motivation in predicting physical activity levels in physical education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Ft. Worth, TX, 2008.

125. Gao, Z., Liu, Y., Zhang, T. & Kosma, M. (2008, April). Temporal stability of outcome expectancy in middle school physical education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Ft. Worth, TX, 2008.

126. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., & Xiang, P., & Kosma, M. (2008, March). Students’ motivation and physical activity levels in middle school physical education: The effects of activity, grade, and gender. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association, New York, NY, 2008.

127. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., & Huang, C. (2008, November). Promoting students’ physical activity levels in Dance Dance Revolution class. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Utah Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Ogden, UT, 2008

128. Domangue, E., Solmon, M.A., & Gao, Z. (2008, March). Middle school students’ physical activity levels and perceptions of gender in same gender and coeducational physical education classes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association, New York, NY, 2008.

129. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Domangue, E., Gao, Z., & Gu, X. (2008, April) Environmental and psychosocial correlates of physical activity in middle school children. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Ft. Worth, TX, 2008.

130. Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Lee, A.M., & Gao, Z. (2008, May). Students’ situational motivation, effort, and activity levels in physical education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in Indianapolis, IN, 2008.

131. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Solmon, M.A., Kosma, M., Carson, R.L., Zhang, T., Domangue, E., & Moore, D. (2007, May). Comparison of objective measures of children’s in-class activity levels in middle school physical education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in New Orleans, LA, 2007.

132. Gao, Z., & Lee, A.M. (2007, April). Understanding students’ motivation in physical education: Integration of Expectancy-value Model and Self-efficacy Theory. Paper presented at National Meeting of the American Education Research Association, Chicago, IL, 2007.

133. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., & Zhang, T. (2007, March). Examining middle school students’ motivation in physical education from social cognitive paradigm. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Baltimore, MD, 2007.

134. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2007, March). Exploring the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationships between achievement goals and fitness testing scores among secondary physical education students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Baltimore, MD, 2007.

135. Gao, Z. (2007, November). Students’ self-efficacy and task values in predicting engagement and satisfaction in middle school physical education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Utah Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Park City, UT, 2007

136. Yi, X., Niu, J., & Gao, Z. (2007, March). Analysis of intrinsic motivation in the integrated curriculum and Sport Education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Baltimore, MD, 2007.

137. Zhang, T., Solmon, M. A., Johnson, G. L., & Gao, Z. (2007, March). Relative contributions of psychosocial factors in predicting college students’ physical activity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Baltimore, MD, 2007.

138. Zhang, T., Solmon, M. A., Johnson, G. L., & Gao, Z. (2007, March). Examining environmental influences on college students’ participation in physical activity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Baltimore, MD, 2007.

139. Gao, Z., Harrison, L. Jr., & Rao, Y. (2006, April). Self -efficacy, achievement goals and persistence among American and Chinese students in physical activity contexts: A cross -cultural analysis. Paper presented at National Meeting of the American Education Research Association, San Francisco, CA, 2006.

140. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Harrison, L. Jr., & Yi, X. (2006, April). The role of different types of outcome expectations in physical activity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Salt Lake city, UT, 2006.

141. Gao, Z., Lee, A.M., Xiang, P. & Harrison, L. Jr. (2006, April). The relationship of goal orientations to self -determined motivation and persistence in physical activity contexts. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Salt Lake city, UT, 2006.

142. Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Lee, A.M., & Harrison, L. Jr. (2006, April). Self -efficacy and outcome expectancy in beginning activity class: Their effects on behavioral intentions and actual behavior over time. Paper presented at National Meeting of the American Education Research Association, San Francisco, CA, 2006.

143. Gao, Z. (2006, November). The effects of self-efficacy theory determinants on behavior in weight lifting. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Louisiana Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Baton Rouge, LA, 2006

144. Harrison, L. Jr., Gao, Z., Rotich, W., Li, L., & Young, M. (2006, April). Perception of differences between black - and white - players' movements in basketball. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Salt Lake city, UT, 2006.

145. Yi, X., & Gao, Z. (2006, April). Impact of national standards on curriculum of physical education teacher education. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance annual conference in Salt Lake city, UT, 2006.

146. Gao, Z., & Harrison, L. Jr. (2005, April). Examining the role of physical self -efficacy as a function of race and gender in physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance annual conference in Chicago, IL, 2005.

147. Harrison, L. Jr., Gao, Z., & Rotich, W. (2005, October). African American Athletes’ Racial Identity. Paper presented at North American Society for the Sociology of Sports annual meeting in Winston -Salem, N.C., 2005.

148. Rao, Y., & Gao, Z., (2005, October). A cross-cultural analysis of goal orientation and persistence in American and Chinese physical education students. Paper presented at North American Society for the Sociology of Sports annual meeting in Winston-Salem, N.C., 2005.

149. Gao, Z., Harrison, L. Jr., & Xiang, P. (2004, November). Competence beliefs, achievement values, race, and gender in physical activity. Paper presented at North American Society for the Sociology of Sports annual meeting in Tucson, AZ, 2004.

Invited Lectures
1. Gao, Z. (2013, April). Evolution of school-based exergaming interventions. Presented at National Association for Sport and Physical Education in Charlotte, NC, 2013 (Keynote Speaker).

2. Gao, Z. (2013, February). Impact of Exergaming on Latino Children’s Physical Health and Academic Achievement. Project presented at American College of Preventive Medicine annual meeting in Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona (Keynote Speaker).

3. Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2011, September). Gaming Approaches to Promore Exercise. Project presented at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! annual summit meeting in San Antonio, TX, 2011.

4. Gao, Z. (2011, July 16th -17th). Project GAME: Gaming Approaches for More Exercise. Project presented at The Society of Chinese Scholars on Exercise Physiology and Fitness 2011annual conference in Kao Hsiung, Taiwan, 2011 (Keynote Speaker).

5. Gao, Z. (2011, July 20th). Project GAME. Project presented at 2011 International Conference on Sport Science (Lifestyle management: A long-term wellness education) in Hong Kong (Keynote Speaker).

6. Gao, Z. (2010, September). Integrating Dance Dance Revolution to Promote Urban Latino School Children’s Physical Health and Academic Achievement. Project presented at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! annual summit meeting in San Antonio, TX, 2010.

7. Gao, Z., Montenegro, R., Valdez, V.E., Hannon, J. C., & Xiang, P. (2009, November). Integrating Dance Dance Revolution to Promote Urban Latino School Children’s Physical Health and Academic Achievement: Project GAME. Project presented at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Healthy Kids, Healthy Nation Conference in Atlanta, GA, 2009.

8. Gao, Z., Montenegro, R., Valdez, V.E., Hannon, J. C., & Xiang, P. (2009, September). Integrating Dance Dance Revolution to Promote Urban Latino School Children’s Physical Health and Academic Achievement: Project GAME. Project presented (both poster presentation and oral presentation) at Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Salud America! annual summit meeting in San Antonio, TX, 2009.

9. Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Newton, M., & Huang, C. (2009, March). The effects of learning activity on students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels in physical education. Paper presented at the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Tampa, FL, 2009. [Funded by 2008-2009 AAHPERD Research Consortium Seed Grants]

10. Gao, Z. (2008, January). Understanding students’ motivation and physical activity levels in middle school physical education. Paper presented at a special session with 2008 Hanna Lecturer at the annual meeting of National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education in Albuquerque, NM, 2008 (NAKPEHE Young Scholar Award presentation).

 

Invited Guest Lectures
1. Gao, Z. (2016, June 15th). The Journey to Physical Activity Epidemiology. Presented at Hunan Agriculture University, Changsha, China.

2. Gao, Z. (2016, June 16th). Status of Physical Education and Physical Education Research in the USA. Presented at Jishou University, Jishou, China.

3. Gao, Z. (2016, June 17th). Emerging Technology in Promoting Physical Activity and Health. Presented at Huaihua University, Huaihua, China.

4. Gao, Z. (2016, June 22nd). Emerging Technology in Promoting Physical Activity and Health. Presented at Beijing Sports University, Beijing, China.

5. Gao, Z. (2016, June 24th). Emerging Technology in Promoting Physical Activity and Health. Presented at Shandong Sports University, Jinan, China.

6. Gao, Z. (2016, June 25th). Emerging Technology in Promoting Physical Activity and Health. Presented at Nantong University, Nantong, China.

7. Gao, Z. (2016, June 30th). Status of Physical Education and Physical Education Research in the USA. Presented at Hunan Technology University, Xiangtan, China.

8. Gao, Z. (2016, July 8th). Emerging Technology in Promoting Physical Activity and Health. Presented at Henan University, Kaifeng, China.

9. Gao, Z. (2016, July 16th). Status of Physical Education and Physical Education Research in the USA. Presented at Zhongshan University, Guangzhou, China.

10. Gao, Z. (2016, July 18th). Emerging Technology in Promoting Physical Activity and Health. Presented at Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

11. Gao, Z. (2016, July 18th). Current Status of Physical Activity Assessment. Presented at Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

12. Gao, Z. (2014, November 21st). Promoting physical activity and health through population-based exergaming interventions. Presented to a group of faculty and graduate students at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, U.S.

13. Gao, Z. (2014, November 21st). The journey to physical activity epidemiology. Presented to a group of international students at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, U.S.

14. Gao, Z. (2014, March 3rd). Promoting physical activity and health through exergaming interventions. Presented at Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

15. Gao, Z. (2014, March 2nd). Physical activity epidemiology research. Presented at East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

16. Gao, Z. (2013, March 20th). Promoting physical activity and health through school-based exergaming interventions. Presented at National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan.

17. Gao, Z. (2012, June). Physical education reform in the United States. Presented at East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

18. Gao, Z. (2011, June). Physical education in the United States. Presented at Chongqing University, Chongqing, China.

19. Gao, Z. (2011, June). Status and trends of physical education research in the United States. Presented at Xinan University, Chongqing, China.

20. Gao, Z. (2011, June). Physical education and its research trends in the United States. Presented at Hunan Technology University, Xiangtan, China.

21. Gao, Z. (2010, May). Current status of physical education and its research in the U.S. Presented at Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China.

22. Gao, Z. (2009, May). How to make publications in SCI and SSCI journals? Presented at Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China.

23. Gao, Z. (2009, May). How to write and publish SCI- and SSCI-cited papers? Presented at Hunan Normal University, Changsha, China.

24. Gao, Z. (2009, May). How to write and publish SCI- and SSCI-cited papers? Presented at Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, China.

25. Gao, Z. (2009, May). The ways to success in the field of physical activity. Presented at Hunan Institute of Humanities Science and Technology, Loudi, China.

26. Gao, Z. (2009, May). The three states of learning. Presented at Loudi No. 5 Middle School, Loudi, China


Selected Past Non-scholarly Publications

1. Gao, Z. (2001a). Forward: The smart artist. Football World, 4, 19.

2. Gao, Z. (2001b). Analysis of different types of midfielders in soccer. Football World, 10, 21.

3. Gao, Z. (2001c). The legends of famous midfielders. Football World, 10, 22.

4. Gao, Z. (2000a). Robert Baggio: The talented soccer star. Global Sports, 4, 10-15.

5. Gao, Z. (2000b). The amazing soccer games in the five European Leagues. New Sports, 10, 18-25.

6. Gao, Z. (2000c). Three competitive soccer games in European Leagues. Soccer Night, 11, 20-26.

7. Gao, Z. (2000d). The secret weapons of the famous soccer players. Football World, 12, 31.

8. Gao, Z. (2000e). The stories inside different nationalities of the soccer players. Football World, 11, 20.

9. Gao, Z. (2000f). The evolution of soccer tactics in the past century. Football World, 5, 24-25.

10. Gao, Z. (1999a). Analysis of the Chinese National Olympic Male Soccer Team. Football World, 5, 3.

11. Gao, Z. (1999b). How do own goals happen in soccer games? Football World, 20, 17.

12. Gao, Z. (1999c). The three goals within one quarter. Football World, 21, 5.

13. Gao, Z. (1999d). Where is the future for Chinese male soccer? Football World, 23, 3.

14. Gao, Z. (1999e). Soccer brokers: Catalyst of the soccer industry. Football World, 23, 14 -15.

15. Gao, Z. (1998a). Strategies for soccer head coaches before tournaments. Football World, 19, 13.

16. Gao, Z. (1998b). How can former soccer professionals become excellent referees? Chinese Football Newspaper, 8.

17. Gao, Z. (1998c). The dark sides of the 1998 Soccer World Cup. Beijing Youth Daily, July, 21.

18. Gao, Z. (1998d). The Secrets of Brazil soccer. Chinese Sports Daily, June, 6.

19. Gao, Z. (1997). Soccer offense and defense principles. Football World, 21, 18 -19.

20. Chu, B., & Gao, Z. (1998). Nerve types and personality features of female youth soccer players. Sports ScienceAnalects, 496-502.

Zan Gao, Ph.D.; Director of Physical Activity Epidemiology Lab;
School of Kinesiology; The University of Minnesota;
207 Cooke Hall, 1900 University Ave. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455.
Phone: 612-626-4639; Fax: 612-626-7700

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