Indian Mounds Park "Airway" Beacon
Last Update: July 9, 1999
   Its beam flashes across the sky every five seconds, 720 times an hour.  The light is visible for miles and has been guiding planes to safety  for 70 years.  The Mounds Park beacon, or as it is formally named,  the Indian Mounds Park "Airway" Beacon, has been a landmark in Dayton's Bluff since 1929. 
   At one time over 600 of these beacons defined nighttime airway corridors across America. The Mounds Park beacon was part of the system that defined the route between St. Paul and Chicago. But electronic guidance equipment eventually made the beacons obsolete and, just like their lighthouse counterparts,  most of them eventually went dark.  Our beacon is the last of its kind. 
   It was a marvel in its time and is still impressive by today's standards.  The tower is 110 feet tall.  The beacon itself is 24 inches in diameter. 
1930s photo of beacon 
photo by Joe Cosimini

An early (circa 1939) black and white photo of the beacon.  

The beacon in 1976 
photo by Greg Cosimini
   It was designed by the City of St. Paul's Bureau of Bridges and built by the St. Paul Structural Steel Co.  During a refurbishing in 1994-95, the tower's  original black and chrome-yellow color scheme was restored, replacing the red and white colors that had graced the tower in modern times. The mid-90s restoration was accomplished through a coalition of groups including the Metropolitan Airports Commission,  the FAA, the State Historic Preservation Office, the Indian Affairs Council, the State Archeologist and the City of St. Paul. 
   The beacon  has been an attraction ever since it was built.  At least three postcards, probably issued in the 1930s,  featured the beacon, showing Indian burial mounds in the foreground with the St. Paul skyline in the background. 
   Besides guiding airplanes, our beacon also welcomes trains, boats and, of course, weary automobile commuters as they return to Dayton's Bluff from the far reaches of the Twin Cities in the dark of night. 
The beacon's red and white colors against the  blue sky made for a nice Bicentennial display in this photograph  taken on July 11, 1976.  

   Observing the  beacon is also a very good way to determine prevailing weather conditions.   As the beacon sweeps clockwise through the atmosphere,  its beam can appear nearly invisible, extremely bright or anything in between, depending  on what is in the atmosphere that night. 
   The beacon's most spectacular  display can only be seen a couple of times a year.  Watch its beam when the temperature is near zero and there is an ice fog  in the air.  As the beacon rotates a hazy glow will be seen in the sky until the beam is pointing directly towards your position. Suddenly, a  brilliant shaft of light will appear to shoot straight up into the sky and disappear just as quickly, only to appear five seconds later when the beacon swings around again. 
   No matter what the sky conditions, Dayton's Bluff 's own Old Faithful will be there, lighting up the sky every five seconds for years to come just as it has for the past 70 years.  
   And just to make sure the beacon looks its best, it received a new coat of paint in June 1999.
The beacon in 1997 
photo by Greg Cosimini

The beacon had been restored to its original black and chrome-yellow color scheme  by the time this picture was taken on April 13, 1997.  People are looking at the flooded Mississippi River down below the Bluffs. 

Here are three postcards from the 1930s that featured the beacon.
Click on a picture to see a larger image and postcard information.

This page was created by Greg Cosimini. Please send any comments to
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The contents of this page have not been reviewed or approved by the University of Minnesota.