Course Syllabus

HIST 3061: "Bread and Circuses": Spectacle and Mass Culture in Antiquity
Fall 2007    3 Credits
Tuesdays & Thursdays, 2:30-3:45 pm
Blegen Hall 120

Andrew Gallia
Office: 268 Social Sciences Tower
Telephone: (612) 626-4268

Office Hours
2:30 to 4:00 pm Wednesdays, and by appointment
*Please feel free to e-mail (or call) me at any time.  I will make every effort to respond to your questions and/or concerns in a timely fashion.  

Course Description
This course traces the development of large-scale public entertainments in the ancient Mediterranean world, from the athletic contests of Olympia and dramatic festivals of Athens to the chariot races and gladiatorial games of the Roman Empire. Through lecture, discussions, and readings, we will explore the wider significance of these spectacles in their impact on the political, social, and economic life of the societies that supported them.

The following books should be available at the University Bookstore in Coffman:
ARISTOPHANES, The Birds, trans. Jeffrey Henderson. (Focus Classical Library, 1999).
CICERO, Selected Political Speeches, trans. Michael Grant. (Penguin Classics, 1989).
EURIPIDES, Bacchae, trans. Paul Woodruff. (Hackett Publishing, 1998).
JUVENAL, The Sixteen Satires, trans. Peter Green. 3rd edn. (Penguin Classics, 1998).
CONNOLLY, Peter & DODGE, Hazel, The Ancient City: Life in Classical Athens and Rome. (Oxford University Press, 2000).
FUTRELL, Alison, The Roman Games: A Sourcebook. (Blackwell Publishing, 2006).
KYLE, Donald G., Sport and Spectacle in the Ancient World. (Blackwell Publishing, 2007).
MILLER, Stephen G., Arete: Greek Sports from Ancient Sources. 3rd edn. (University of California Press, 2004).  
POTTER, David S. & MATTINGLY, David J. (eds.), Life, Death, and Entertainment in the Roman Empire. (University of Michigan Press, 1999).

There is also a COURSE PACK containing additional required readings, available from Paradigm Copies, 1501 University (inside the Dinky Dome).

This course will be taught through a combination of readings, lectures, and discussion.  Students are expected to come to class on time each day, having prepared the assigned readings in advance.  Assessment for the course will take class participation into account.  
In addition to the regular lectures and discussions, there will be two short (4-6 pp.) writing assignments, due in class on October 2 and November 27.  The topics for these papers will relate to the assigned readings.  
The midterm (October 16) and required final (December 17) examinations will include some objective questions (identification of important people, places, events, etc.), but their primary focus will be on the students' analytic abilities (essay questions).

The assessment components will be weighted in the calculation of each student’s final course grade as follows:
    Class Participation:    10%
    Short Papers:     30%
    Midterm Exam:    20%
    Final Exam:    40%

Submission of Written Work
All assigned written work for this course should be typed (or word-processed), in a neat, technically correct format.  Poor mechanics (misspellings, bad grammar, faulty punctuation, etc.) will have a negative impact on the grade received.
Papers can be handed in at the beginning of class or left in my departmental mailbox (in 636 Social Sciences, NB: the one below my name) before that time.  If you are unable to attend class for any reason, you are still responsible for turning in all assignments on time.  LATE WORK WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES.  
Electronic submission of written work is permitted, but all work will be graded and returned in hard copy (paper) format.  Assignments submitted via e-mail must be received by 10:00 AM on the due date.  I will acknowledge receipt of anything received by this time.  If you do not get back a message from me confirming that I have received your paper (and successfully printed it out), you should bring a printed copy with you to class.  

 Schedule of Topics and Readings

September 4    Introduction: Spectacle, Competition, and Ancient Society
    KYLE, introduction, pp. 1-22
September 6    Early Evidence: Spectacle in the Bronze Age?
    KYLE, chapters 1 & 2, pp. 23-53

September 11    Heroic Values
    KYLE, chapter 3, pp. 54-71
    MILLER, #1-2, pp. 1-15
September 13    Panhellenism
    KYLE, chapter 4, pp. 72-93
    MILLER, #128-146; 224-247, pp. 89-101; 181-191

September 18    Athletic Contests
    KYLE, chapters 6, 7 & 11, pp. 110-149; 217-228
    MILLER, #3-67; 149-162, pp. 16-54; 105-110
September 20    Festivals of the City-State: Athens
    KYLE, chapter 8, pp. 150-179
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, pp. 57-89
    MILLER, #119-123, pp. 81-85

September 25    Drama I: Tragedy
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, pp. 90-101
    EURIPIDES, Bacchae
September 27    Athletes and Aristocrats
    KYLE, chapters 9 & 10, pp. 180-216
    MILLER, #163a-189; 248-254, pp. 111-152; 192-197

October 2    Democracy and its Performances       *** FIRST PAPER DUE ***
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, pp. 22-31
October 4    Drama II: The Politics of Laughter

October 9    Rhetoric
    COURSE PACK: Demosthenes, 27. Against Aphobus I
     from: Demosthenes, Speeches 27-38, trans. Douglas M. MacDowell (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004): pp. 19-39
October 11    Redefining Power in the Hellenistic Age
    KYLE, chapter 12, pp. 229-250
    MILLER, # 190-193, pp. 153-156
    COURSE PACK: Kallixeinos of Rhodes, About Alexandria, fr. 2
     from: E. E. Rice, The Grand Procession of Ptolemy Philadelphus (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983): pp. 9-25

October 16    *** MIDTERM EXAMINATION ***
October 18    Rome: Res Publica and the Ruling Class
    POTTER & MATTINGLY, chapters 1 (A. Hanson) & 2 (M. Gleason), pp. 19-84
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, pp. 122-125

October 23    The Orator
    CICERO, On the Command of Cnaeus Pompeius, pp. 33-70
    COURSE PACK: R. Morstein-Marx, "Setting the Stage"
     ch. 2 in Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004): pp. 34-67
October 25    Greek/Roman: Problems of Definition
    CICERO, In Defense of Archias, pp. 146-164

October 30    Roman Religious Festivals
    POTTER & MATTINGLY, chapter 4 (D. Potter), pp. 113-167  
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, 170-175
November 1    Ludi: Roman Games
    KYLE, pp. 251-259
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, pp. 176-189

November 6    Two Parades
    KYLE, pp. 259-269
    COURSE PACK: Plutarch, Aemilius Paullus, chs. 30-34
     from:  Roman Lives, trans. R. Waterfield (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999): pp. 68-72.
    COURSE PACK: Josephus, The Wars of the Jews 7.100-161
     from: The Works of Josephus, trans. W. Whiston (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1987): pp. 756-758
    COURSE PACK: Polybius, Histories 6.52-56
     from: The Rise of the Roman Empire, trans. I. Scott-Kilvert (New York: Penguin, 1979): pp. 346-349
    COURSE PACK: H. I. Flower, "Ancestors at the Funeral: The Pompa Funebris"
     ch. 4 in Ancestor Masks and Aristocratic Power in Roman Culture. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996): pp. 91-127.
    JUVENAL, Satire Eight, pp. 62-70
November 8    Munera
    KYLE, pp. 269-299
    FUTRELL, 1-29; 84-119

November 13    Dining in Rome
    POTTER & MATTINGLY, chapter 5 (Aldrete and Mattingly), pp. 171-204
    JUVENAL, Satires Five & Eleven, pp. 29-34; 87-92
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, 126-133
November 15    City Life
    JUVENAL, Satire Three, pp. 14-23
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, pp. 134-169

November 20    The Archaeology of Leisure
    POTTER & MATTINGLY, chapter 6 (H. Dodge), pp. 205-255
    CONNOLLY & DODGE, pp. 190-217, 238-247
    FUTRELL, 52-83
November 22: Thanksgiving (no lecture)

November 27    Emperor as Patron and Performer    *** SECOND PAPER DUE ***
    KYLE, chapter 15, pp. 300-339
    FUTRELL, 29-51; 158-159
November 29    The Ambiguities of Spectacle
    POTTER & MATTINGLY, chapter 7 (D. Potter), pp. 256-325
    FUTRELL, 119-157

December 4    Faith on Display: The Martyrs
    FUTRELL, 165-185
    COURSE PACK: B. D. Shaw, "The Passion of Perpetua"
     from: Past and Present 139 (1993): pp. 3-45
December 6    Circus Factions
    COURSE PACK: Procopius, The Secret History, 6-7
     from The Secret History, trans. G. A. Williamson (New York: Penguin, 1981): pp. 68-77
    COURSE PACK: M. Whitby, "The Violence of the Circus Factions"
     from K. Hopwood, ed., Organised Crime in Antiquity (London: Duckworth, 1999): pp. 229-253

December 11    Concluding Discussion: Spectacle and Society from Antiquity to Today
    Readings TBA

*FINAL EXAM: Monday, December 17, 8:00-10:00 am*
(You must take the final to receive credit for this course)

Course Policies

In compliance with the University of Minnesota Uniform Grading Policy, letter grades are defined as follows:

    A: Represents achievement that is outstanding relative to the level necessary to meet course requirements.
    B: Represents achievement that is significantly above the level necessary to meet course requirements.
    C: Represents achievement that meets the course requirements in every respect.
    D: Represents achievement that is worthy of credit even though it fails to meet fully the course requirements.
    F:  Represents failure (or no credit).

The plus (+) or minus (-) may be applied to the above grades as appropriate.  [A+ and D- are not recognized.]

Grade Disputes
In the case of a substantial grade dispute, you must provide a WRITTEN justification of why you think the grade is in error within 24 hours after the paper in question has been returned.  You must include a specific rationale for why you think your answer is correct, or why the paper deserves a higher grade.  Once submitted, final course grades cannot be changed unless a calculation error has been made.

The grade of “I” (incomplete) may be assigned at the discretion of the instructor when, due to extraordinary circumstances, a student is prevented from completing the work of a course in time.  Incomplete coursework is a major inconvenience for students and instructors, and I expect you to do everything in your power to avoid this situation.  No incompletes will be given unless you have a prior written agreement with me.

Attendance and Participation
In accordance with University policy, absences for the following reasons will be excused: documented illness, participation in athletic events or other group activities sponsored by the University, serious family emergencies, subpoenas, jury duty, military service, or religious observances.  If you anticipate missing class for any of these reasons, you should let me know of your situation in advance.  In the case of a last-minute emergency, please let me know as soon as possible.  

Final Examination
You must take the final to receive credit for this course.

Extra Credit
I do not plan to offer any extra credit work in this course.

Students with Disabilities
It is University policy to provide, on a flexible and individualized basis, reasonable accommodations to students who have disabilities that may affect their ability to participate in course activities or to meet course requirements.  Any student with a documented disability condition (e.g., physical, learning, psychiatric, systemic, vision, hearing, etc.) who needs to arrange reasonable accommodations should let me know of their situation and contact Disability Services at the beginning of the semester.

Scholastic Dishonesty
Academic integrity is essential to a positive teaching and learning environment. All students enrolled in University courses are expected to complete coursework responsibilities with fairness and honesty.  Failure to do so by seeking unfair advantage over others or misrepresenting someone else’s work as your own can result in disciplinary action.
    The University Student Conduct Code defines scholastic dishonesty as follows: “submission of false records of academic achievement; cheating on assignments or examinations; plagiarizing; altering, forging, or misusing a University academic record; taking, acquiring, or using test materials without faculty permission; acting alone or in cooperation with another to falsify records or to obtain dishonestly grades, honors, awards, or professional endorsement.”
    Any student responsible for scholastic dishonesty in this course will be reported to the Student Scholastic Conduct Committee and may be punished with a grade of F for the course.

The terms of this syllabus are subject to change at the instructor’s discretion.

The views and opinions expressed in this page are strictly those of the page author.
The contents of this page have not been reviewed or approved by the University of Minnesota.